(modified to appear as Japanese Aichi D-3 Val for 1970 movie "Tora, Tora, Tora"
|Specifications (below is for BT-13A)|
|Length:||28' 10"||8.79 M|
|Height:||9' 1"||2.77 M|
|Wingspan:||42' 2"||12.85 M|
|Wingarea:||238.00 Sq Ft||22.11 Sq M|
|Empty Weight:||3375.00 lbs||1530.00 Kg|
|Gross Weight:||4496.00 lbs||2039.00 Kg|
|Propulsion (below is for BT-13A)|
|No. of Engines:||1|
|Powerplant:||Pratt & Whitney R-985-25|
|Performance (below is for BT-13A)|
|Range:||516 miles||830.00 Km|
|Cruise Speed:||140.00 mph||225.00 Km/H||121.62 Kt|
|Max Speed:||166.00 Mph||267.00 Km/H||144.32 Kt|
|Ceiling:||16500.0 Ft||5029.00 M|
During the Second World War, the United States Army Air Forces used a three-phase training program for pilots, Primary, Basic and Advanced. With each phase, aircraft complexity and the difficulty of the tasks to be mastered increased. At the end of Primary, cadets, now capable of performing simple flight requirements left behind the open-cockpit, fabric and wood PT-13, PT-17 & PT-19 training aircraft and moved up to the more complex challenges of Basic.
The BT-13A Valiant evolved in response to a USAAF need for a second phase training aircraft. The Vultee Aircraft Inc. design, combined a closed-cockpit, low-wing, metal monoplane with fabric control surfaces and a powerful 450-hp Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp-junior radial engine with a variable-pitch propeller and flaps. The Valiant proved to be an excellent choice to introduce fledgling pilots to basic flight maneuvers. During the war, over 11,500 BT-13As and its variants were produced.
Equipped with extended wingtips, simulated dive brakes, landing gear fairings and a reshaped vertical stabilizer, the museums BT-13A, serial number 41-1306 was modified to depict an Imperial Japanese Navy Type 99 Aichi D-3A1 "Val" dive-bomber for the 1970 Academy Award winning film Tora, Tora, Tora. Vals carry the distinction of dropping the first bomb on Pearl Harbor during the December 7, 1941 surprise attack and of having sunk more Allied ships than any other Axis aircraft during the Second World War. This aircraft is on loan from the USAF.
On June 19, 2010, the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, Research Division/MUA provided the following history of 41-1306:
Vultee Construction Number 74-1414, Civil Registration N54865.
Manufactured by Vultee Aviation and received by the USAAF on 20 May 1941.
May 1941, AAF Basic Pilot School (later 2128th AAF Base Unit, AAF Flying Training Command), Cochran AAF, Macon GA
Jan 1942, Repaired after a ground nose-over accident at Cochran Field.
Sep 1944, 2131st AAF Base Unit (EPS, AAFFTC), Gunter AAF AL
Nov 1944, Dropped from inventory as surplus at McKellar Field TN